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Codes and Test Standards

Building Codes and Approved Methods

Building codes are written for all aspects of construction, including fire protection. Code bodies place an emphasis on "Approved Methods", defined as a material, device or system tested in accordance to a nationally recognized test standard at a recognized testing facility.

3M Fire Protection Products are designed to help prevent to spread of fire, smoke and toxic gas in accordance with current life safety building codes. Codes are a critical component of the procedures used by Code Officials and Authorities Having Jurisdiction (AHJs) to help ensure that a building will pass any relevant inspections. When a code is adopted by a jurisdiction, it becomes a legal document that regulates the construction of structures and buildings.

Click here to view the Fire Code from Singapore Civil Defence Force.

Test Standards

ASTM International is one of the primary organization in the US that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for materials, products, systems, and services used in fire protection. Other consensus standard writing organizations are UL and NFPA. These consensus standards bodies all must follow the guidelines set forth by ANSI (the Amercian National Standards Institute). In some instances, independent test agencies and other standard-setting bodies have developed standards that have been accepted on national and /or local levels (e.g. CAN/ULC-S115, ISO 6944). Once a test standard has been established, the manufacturer enlists an independent third-party test agency to ensure their product is used within a system that meets the relevant test standard criteria.

For example, to meet the ASTM E 814 standard of a floor/ceiling assembly, all parts of the assembly, including through penetration firestopping products, must meet the established standards for containing a fire within the established test duration. Independent, third-party test agencies such as UL, ULC, FM or Intertek help ensure that products are tested in a fire-rated system in accordance to the relevant standard(s).

A fire test is a means of determining whether or not fire protection products meet minimum performance criteria as set out in a building code or other applicable legislation. It is extremely important to remember that because of the complexities of designs and test parameters only fully tested materials and systems should be used in actual building construction.

Click here to view the certified 3M Protection Products under Singapore PSB Product Listing Scheme.

Standard Codes